With a glorious Adriatic coastline that reveals one beauty spot after another for more than 1770km (1100 miles), it’s little wonder that Croatia has become one of Europe's most exhilarating destinations for a road trip.
Away from the coast-hugging and serpentine Adriatic Highway, scintillating back routes lead to national parks, dramatic mountains, medieval hilltop towns, and seemingly endless olive groves and vineyards.
Here are some of the best road trips in Croatia that take you right to the country’s heart – allowing ample room for detours and exploring within the region.
1. The Istrian triangle
Best road trip for food lovers
Opatija–Pula; 166km (103 miles); allow 7 days
The heart-shaped peninsula of Istria in Croatia’s northwest stashes gastronomic riches that include renowned truffles, cheeses, wine, lamb, seafood, and prosciutto, to name just a few local delicacies. From the elegant town of Opatija overlooking the Kvarner Gulf, catch the two-lane highway hugging the Mirna River and drive through the truffle-laden forests surrounding the hilltop town of Motovun.
Head west to Poreč, with its Unesco-recognized 6th-century Euphrasian Basilica, before turning down the coast past the Limski Kanal, the source for mussels and oysters served by local restaurants. Carry on to Rovinj and its tangle of cobbled streets framed by pastel-colored buildings hanging above the water. The final leg rolls through the town of Vodnjan, famous for small-scale, world-class olive oil, before arriving in Pula with its well-preserved Roman amphitheater and Temple of Augustus.
Detour: Following either Motovun or Pula, head into the center of the Istria peninsula to Pazin, whose 100m-deep (328ft) chasm and three underground lakes inspired Mathias Sandorf by the French author Jules Verne.
2. Croatia's national parks
Best road trip for natural wonders
Plitvice Lakes National Park–Krka National Park; 354km (220 miles); allow 7 days
After strolling along the wooden walkways that connect Plitvice’s pristine lakes and hidden rivers that feed awe-inspiring waterfalls, go west for cool ridge-top breezes in Northern Velebit National Park. Here, atop the nation’s best-loved mountain range, you can admire panoramas of Adriatic sunsets reflected against the Dinaric Alps.
From mighty peaks, travel to epic gorges and canyons loved by rock climbers in Paklenica National Park before getting the island-hopping vibe (leave the car in the town of Murter) in Kornati National Park, which protects 89 of the Kornati archipelago’s 140 islets. Finish in Krka National Park, home to a fragile ecosystem and stunning waterfalls along 72km (45 miles) of the Krka River and its estuary.
3. Taking in the top Roman sites
Best road trip for compelling history
Zadar–Split; 163km (101 miles); allow 6 days
This drive across the northern half of Croatia’s Dalmatia region takes in an incredible set of ancient ruins and sweeping Adriatic views. Start from Zadar, with its Unesco-listed Venetian-era defensive walls, Roman forum, and millennia-old street layout. Just an hour down the road is Šibenik, a seaside treasure with its own Unesco World Heritage site, the 16th-century St James’ Cathedral.
Another hour, another Unesco-listed destination – this time the gorgeous old town in Trogir, which has many intact and beautiful buildings from its golden age between the 13th and 15th centuries. You’ll end the trip in spectacular style inside the palace of the Roman Emperor Diocletian in Split, Croatia’s second-largest city.
Detour: To complete your Roman architecture tour by taking the ferry from Split to beautiful Brač, where the limestone used for many of the buildings you've just seen was quarried from the island's Klesarska Škola Pučišća (Stonemasonry School of Pučišća).
4. A trip through castle country
Best road trip for sheer romance
Senj–Čakovec; 308km (191 miles); allow 5 days
The castle-littered corridor along Croatia’s northern edge was a one-time stomping ground for noble families. Start your ignition in Senj, where the 16th-century Nehaj Castle stands guard over the sea, before heading northwest to the 13th-century castle of Ozalj, perched above the Kupa River.
The capital Zagreb, where a medieval Upper Town melts into a park-strewn Lower Town, is a good layover spot and one of Europe's most walkable cities.
An hour north takes you to Trakošćan Castle, a 14th-century gem combining Romanesque and Gothic features. A drive of around 45 minutes to the east extends the journey to the gothic-Renaissance fortress in the baroque city of Varaždin. Onwards to the city of Čakovec, near the Slovenian border, home to the Zrinski family’s lavish 16th-century abode, which today doubles as the regional Museum of Međimurje.
5. A Slavonian exploration
Best road trip for wine lovers
Požega–Ilok; 206km (128 miles); allow 4–5 days
Bordering the Sava, Drava, and Danube rivers, the rich, fertile farmland of Slavonia has been the nation’s breadbasket for generations. Today, this history-soaked region is still one of the country’s most important cultural and gastronomic quarters, serving up many chances to sample flavorsome Croatian wines.
A drive east across this lush, vineyard-cloaked landscape starts in the wine-centric towns of Požega and Kutjevo before rolling through some of Croatia’s most treasured small towns. Pause in Đakovo, with its 19th-century neo-Romanesque cathedral, and Osijek, with its 18th-century citadel. Enjoy one of Europe’s largest wetlands at Kopački Rit Nature Park, which is home to more than 290 bird species, before continuing to Vukovar and Ilok, looming over the Danube near the border with Serbia.
6. The best of Southern Dalmatia
Best road trip for knockout coastal scenery
Split–Popovići; 254km (158 miles); allow 6 days
The Adriatic Highway, or Jadranska Magistrala, hugs the entire Croatian shoreline, but the Dalmatian coast between Split and Dubrovnik is the most popular stretch. Cliff-top views and white-knuckle turns will make you feel as if you’re flying over the sea, while the islands of Brač, Vis, and Korčula glitter below you on a cobalt-blue horizon.
At Drvenik, take a detour via the 15-minute car ferry to the less frequented eastern tip of Hvar Island. A turn-off onto the Pelješac peninsula will give you a roadside seat for fresh Ston oysters and superb red Plavac Mali wine. You can finally drive across the new Pelješac Bridge, which opened in 2022 and evade Bosnia’s tiny bit of coastline (and the inevitable border delays).
7. A Kvarner island odyssey
Best road trip for mixing culture and beach life
Rijeka–Jablanac; 130km (81 miles); allow 4 days
Rijeka, Croatia’s third-largest city, is more than just a jumping-off point for coastal island-hopping in the Kvarner Gulf. Combining dignified Habsburg architecture with the streak of anarchy that’s always characterized this vibrant port city, Rijeka has enough cultural attractions to more than merit its status as a former European Capital of Culture back in 2020.
Once you’ve checked out the hilltop Trsat Castle, follow the road that takes you over the bridge to the island of Krk. Head south to wander through the ancient walled old center of Krk Town, followed by a swim at one of the town's beaches, before taking the ferry to Rab.
Not only will you find nearly two dozen sandy beaches on this compact island, but Rab Town is also one of the most exquisite settlements in Croatia. Finally, hop back to the mainland at Stinica and stop at Jablanac, where the cliff-fringed inlet of Zavratnica is a place of astonishing beauty.
Tips for driving in Croatia
Croatia is a fairly straightforward destination for visiting drivers. Here are a few things to keep in mind:
- The motorways are subject to tolls, which you can pay by card or in cash.
- Watch your speed! The speed limit on motorways varies between 110km/h (68mph) and 130km/h (80mph). Stick to 90km/h (56mph) on main roads outside built-up areas, and 50km/h (31mph) if you’re in a built-up area.
- Alcohol limits are low in comparison with some countries: 0.05% for drivers of private vehicles, and zero if you’re under 24.
- Police can issue on-the-spot fines for traffic offenses and can hold on to your passport until you pay the fine.