Abundant seafood, regional specialties such as reindeer, and an ever-growing trend towards cutting-edge cooking using hyperlocal, seasonal ingredients make eating in Norway a locavore’s delight. Whatever your favorite flavor of culinary experience, your taste buds are covered here, from Norwegian staples in down-to-earth cafes to up-to-the-minute gastronomic trends in sleek surroundings.
It’s worth noting that many restaurants change their menus regularly (sometimes weekly), which is excellent for seasonal variety, but it does mean that some famous Norwegian classics might not be available year-round. Here’s what to eat in Norway.
Go wild for reinsdyrstek (roast reindeer)
Reindeer is something every non-vegetarian visitor to Norway should try at least once, but you'll likely want to order it again as it’s one of the tastier red meats. It’s exceptionally lean with a gamey flavor, but it’s much milder than venison – have it roasted for a tender treat. It will typically be served with mashed potatoes, peas and lingonberry jam.
The vast majority of the reindeer in Norway are raised by traditional Sami herders in the north of the country. They’re effectively wild, making reindeer a sustainable, healthy option if you choose to eat meat.
Warm your frozen fingers with a mug of fiskesuppe (fish soup)
Norwegians are huge fans of this warming soup, generously loaded with chunks of fish such as salmon and cod, shrimp, root vegetables and cream. Given the abundance of the soup’s ingredients locally, it’s often one of the least expensive items on the menu, but it’s no less tasty and filling for it – especially when you mop it up with a hunk of warm fresh bread.
Discover the simple flavors of fårikål (lamb stew)
This simple, hearty stew is Norway’s national dish. There are only a few ingredients – various cuts of lamb, lots of cabbage, water, and some salt and pepper – so using top-quality meat and having the patience to let it simmer for hours is what will make for a mouth-watering meal.
Fårikål is a comforting family one-pot wonder, usually eaten with boiled potatoes and flatbrød (a kind of crispbread). These days restaurants sometimes offer a twist on the classic, perhaps with extra veggies or by adding beer for a richer flavor.
Where to try it: Look for restaurants specializing in old-school Norwegian fare, such as Kaffistova in Oslo. It tends to feature on seasonal menus in autumn, and there are few better places to try Norwegian lamb dishes than on Lofoten – try Børsen Spiseri.
Celebrate with a bowl of bidos (Sami reindeer stew)
In the far north, particularly if you're fortunate enough to be invited to a Sami celebration, you'll come across this traditional stew made with reindeer, carrots and potatoes, all slow cooked together for maximum taste. It’s traditional for Sami people to eat this flavorful meal at weddings and other special occasions.
Where to try it: You’ll find this dish on restaurant menus across Finnmark, particularly in Kautokeino and Karasjok, home of the Sami parliament. But for the full cultural experience as well as a plate of bidos, plan your trip around Sami Week in Tromsø.
Try savory-sweet brunost (brown cheese)
Made with whey, cream and goat's and/or cow's milk, brunost isn’t so much a Norwegian staple as a national institution. This (technically-not-cheese) cheese has a tangy yet sweet, caramel flavor and a fudge-like texture.
Gudbrandsdalsost (produced by the company Tine) is arguably the most famous kind and is made using a combination of goat's and cow's milk. Geitost uses only goat’s milk, while fløtemysost uses only cow’s milk. Whatever the variety, if you like the unusual taste, eat it for breakfast on a slice of bread or a waffle.
Where to try it: Pick up a block from Norwegian supermarkets and farm shops or try it at your hotel’s breakfast buffet.
Snack on some chewy tørrfisk (stockfish)
If you visit the Lofoten Islands, you’ll see row after row of wooden racks laden with Atlantic cod drying for months in the brisk Norwegian air. It’s common to eat tørrfisk as a snack (like a fishy jerky), washed down with some beer. It’s also often rehydrated by soaking it in water, then baked, grilled or used in soups.
Where to try it: You won’t have any trouble sourcing tørrfisk on Lofoten. Sample the specialty at Bacalao, a casual harbourside place in Svolvær.
Savor the flavor of Gravlaks (cured salmon)
Salmon is ubiquitous in Norway, and this particular incarnation sees it marinated in sugar, salt, brandy and dill, giving it a rich, powerful flavor and a melt-in-the-mouth texture. It’s typically served in thin slices, either with a simple salad or a creamy dill sauce.
Discover that any time is vaffel (waffle) time
This is a treat you’ll likely be familiar with, but the Norwegians have elevated the humble waffle to top-tier status. Even Oslo’s three-Michelin-starred Maaemo has been known to serve them – gastronomy-style, of course.
Thin, fluffy and oh-so-irresistible Norwegian waffles are usually served in heart-shaped slices. Vafler are perfect for breakfast, brunch, as an afternoon snack or for dessert, and are eaten with a variety of sweet and savory toppings. Smother them with your favorite jam, top them with ice cream or add some slices of brunost for double Norway points.
Where to try them: The proprietor may be Swedish, but that doesn’t stop Haralds Vaffel in Oslo from offering up what could well be the best waffles in the country.
Eat elusive multebær (cloudberries)
These tart amber-colored berries are highly prized and considered a delicacy, growing one per stalk on open swampy ground. The season is fleeting – from July to mid-August – and some cloudberry patches are zealously guarded in Norway. Have them in the decadent dessert multekrem (cloudberry cream) – a confection of cloudberries, whipped cream and sugar – or try warm cloudberry jam dolloped over vanilla ice cream.
Where to try them: Keep your eyes peeled and forage them when you’re out hiking. Otherwise, pick up some frozen cloudberries or cloudberry jam in Norwegian supermarkets.
Say skål and supp some aquavit
The national spirit, aquavit (akevitt in Norwegian), is a potent dose of Norwegian culture made from potatoes and caraway liquor. The name is derived from the Latin aqua vitae, the 'living waters. Although caraway is an essential ingredient, various modern distilleries augment the spicy flavor with any combination of orange, coriander (cilantro), anise, fennel, sugar and salt. Smoother than vodka but nonetheless fiery, the spirit is typically aged for three to five years (sometimes longer) in oak barrels, which give it a caramel color.
Norwegians often drink it on special occasions such as Christmas, Norwegian Constitution Day (17 May) and Midsummer, but it’s perfectly acceptable to quaff it at any time of year.
Where to try it: Many restaurants and bars carry a large selection of aquavits, including Baklandet Skydsstation in Trondheim. For a truly special experience, book ahead for a tasting session at boutique distillery Inderøy Brenneri at Berg Gård in Inderøy. To buy a bottle to take home, you’ll need to go to one of the state-run liquor stores called Vinmonopolet.
Vegetarians and vegans
As with many European destinations, the availability and quality of vegetarian and vegan options in Norway have improved dramatically in recent years. Most restaurants will offer vegetarian dishes, and, increasingly, many will have a vegan choice, too. Sometimes this may be a simple pasta dish, but you'll also find creative crepes and salads (although vegans won't appreciate the widespread use of cheese).
In general, the rule is that the larger the town, the more choices there are for animal-free fare. In most cities, you needn’t be limited to just one or two options on a restaurant menu; the selection of specialty vegan and vegetarian restaurants is growing in Norway. Food halls like Oslo Street Food often have a flavorful selection of meat-free, dairy-free dishes from various vendors. Or, for a push-the-boat-out experience, go to Bellies in Stavanger, who have elevated plant-based cuisine to high art.
Other foods worth trying
Pinnekjøtt (dried, salted lamb ribs) It’s traditionally eaten at Christmas, so you’ll probably struggle to find pinnekjøtt (pronounced pee-neh-shot) the rest of the year, but don’t pass up the chance to try this salty festive delicacy if you see it on the menu.
Lutefisk (dried cod, reconstituted with water and lye) More common in homes than restaurants and something of a staple for older folk, lutefisk is often eaten along with bacon.
Raspeballer (potato dumplings, also called potetball or komle) A welcome starchy accompaniment to many a meat dish.
Kjøttkaker (meatballs) Meatballs obviously aren’t unique to Norway, but the Norwegian version (literally translating to ‘meat cakes’) tends to be bigger and come with a generous glug of gravy.
Saltlakris (salty licorice) Also not peculiar to Norway, saltlakris is a Nordic taste sensation. It’s popular in the country as an alternative to sweet candy and as sprinkles for ice cream.
Keeping an eye on your kroner
We’d be remiss if we didn’t touch on the fact that eating out in Norway can be prohibitively expensive, and even ‘budget’ options will have you counting every krone. Try shifting your main meal to the middle of the day – many great restaurants offer lunch specials that are just as tasty and varied but tend to be kinder on your wallet.